If you are in your journey to parenthood, here are some strong reasons to help you QUIT SMOKING!
- There is good evidence that smoking in the female is associated with impaired fecundity and increased risks of spontaneous abortion and ectopic pregnancy.
- Smoking appears to accelerate the loss of reproductive function and may advance the time of menopause by 1-4 years.
- There is good evidence that smoking is associated with ART outcomes such that smokers require nearly twice the number of IVF attempts to conceive as nonsmokers.
- There is fair evidence that semen parameters and results of sperm function tests are lower in smokers than in nonsmokers and the effects are dose-dependent, but smoking has not yet been conclusively shown to reduce male fertility.
- The adverse effects of sidestream and passive smoking are now established, and there is good evidence that nonsmokers with excessive exposure to tobacco smoke may have reproductive consequences as great as those observed in smokers.
- Varenicline, bupropion, and combination nicotine therapy should be considered first-line therapies for smoking cessation; all approaches are approximately twice as effective as placebo in randomized trials.
- Accumulated evidence supports the value of taking a preventive approach to infertility by discouraging smoking and helping to eliminate exposure to tobacco smoke in both women and men.
- Clinicians can facilitate smoking cessation by providing education, monitoring, and consistent individualized support.
Source and full article: www.asrm.org